Social darwinism is a loose set of ideologies that emerged in the late 1800s in which charles darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection was used to justify certain political, social, or economic views. The term social darwinism is used to refer to various ways of thinking and theories that emerged in the second half of the 19th century and tried to apply the evolutionary concept of natural selection to human society the term itself emerged in the 1880s, and it gained widespread currency when used after 1944 by opponents of these ways of thinking.
Social darwinism was the application of charles darwin`s scientific theories of evolution and natural selection to contemporary social development in nature, only the fittest survived—so too in the marketplace this form of justification was enthusiastically adopted by many american businessmen as scientific proof of their superiority. Definitely an intellectual history in the style of the time, though, focusing mostly on key, university-based figures rather than on broader publics or communities nor does it move towards any greater theorizing about the reasons evolutionary thinking transformed so quickly into social darwinism in the us.
Richard hofstadter 1955 social darwinism in american thought boston: beacon press “pauperism in the city of new york” in american social science association, conference of public charities held at new york, may 20 and 22, 1874 (cambridge, ma: printed for the american social science association, 1874) amos g warner 1894. Whenever i look at the states today, versus its rich world peers, an observation leaps out at me america’s built a society on a kind of furious, single-minded dedication to one idea: social darwinism, or the survival of the fittest let’s begin with the obvious it’s economy is a modern history’s greatest machine for survival of the fittest.