Fortran is primarily for scientific calculation (precision and accuracy is required), while cobol is for commerical, banking, financial services (the c of cobol stands for commercial) industries. Advantages and disadvantages of biometrics let us now examine the advantages and disadvantages of biometrics in two groups of applications: the commercial positive recognition applications that may work either in the verification or the identification modes, and the government and forensic negative recognition applications that require identification.
Fortran 77 is the most widely used language for scientific programming its long-awaited revision is now called fortran 90 it was finalized (down to the last editorial detail) on 11 april 1991, published as an iso standard in august 1991, and the first compiler is now on the market. Another advantage is that fortran is not operating system or architecture specific in other words the fortran code you write on one operating system or architecture should easily port to another where there is a fortran compiler another advantage is that modern fortran is normally backwards compatible with older code bases of fortran.
The fortran and cobol programming languages have both been aroundfor a long time fortran was released around 1957, while cobolfollowed a couple years later. Types of computer languages with their advantages and disadvantages updated on august 28, 2015 ninjacraze more fortran (formula translation) pl/i (programming language, version 1) cobol (common business oriented language) rpg (report program generator) 3 string and list processing.
Advantages and disadvantages of cobol cobol presents such advantages as easy to maintain,non-proprietary, can run on many hardware platforms and it is easyto understand the disadvantages include many lines of cod e toperform one function and it limited to mathematical functions.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of cobol save cancel already exists would you like to merge this question into it merge cancel already exists as an alternate of this question the difference between and advantage and a disadvantage can be very significant.
Advantages: cobol can process huge volumes of data with ease it is having english-like syntax and it is easy to understand disadvantages: it is an old programming language the number of programmers are less compared to other programming languages. The primary advantage of using fortran these days is that there is still a considerable amount software written in it for which there is no equivalent in a more modern language for example lapack. The advantage of cobol is that a lot of really important software has already been written in cobol and would take time to rewrite in another language the disadvantage of cobol is that there are already lots of programs and very few cobol programmers.
The great advantage of fortran is that there is an optimized subroutine for every mathematical problem (such as root finding, matrix multiplication, eigenvalue problems, etc) other people mentioned legacy libraries and lapack is just one very powerful example a major disadvantage of fortran is that nobody is using it in the real world. Answer up till fortran 90/95, the language was primarily intended for calculations it remains one of the best computational languages ever developed, and is still in heavy use in the financial industry however, due in large part to disagreements among members of the fortran development groups, fortran 77 was deficient in a number of areas.
Programming languages types , features , advantages and disadvantages fortran is the number-crunching program , and it is still used by the scientists as it allows the variables of any size up to the memory limit of the machine , it is not nearly as flexible as c or c++,. Strengths and weaknesses fortran has become popular and widespread because of its unique combination of properties its numerical and input/output facilities are almost unrivalled while those for logic and character handling are as good as most other languages.