From bell labs in the 1960s to torvalds in the 90s, find out how this little os got its start though the birth of linux didn't occur until 1991, when finnish college student linus torvalds started work on a new and free operating system, its roots go all the way back to the late 1960s at an. In order to understand the popularity of linux, we need to travel back in time, about 30 years ago imagine computers as big as houses, even stadiums while the sizes of those computers posed substantial problems, there was one thing that made this even worse: every computer had a different operating system.
History is always boring, but history of computing and that of linux are very interesting much of the source of this article has been taken from the internet it was inspired by the questions asked by many would be linux users at meetings and postings of bangladesh linux users group.
The history of linux began in 1991 with the commencement of a personal project by finnish student linus torvalds to create a new free operating system kernel since then, the resulting linux kernel has been marked by constant growth throughout its history. A brief history of linux unix is one of the most popular operating systems worldwide because of its large support base and distribution it was originally developed as a multitasking system for minicomputers and mainframes in the mid-1970s.
213 linux in 1991 linus torvalds began developing an operating system kernel, which he named “linux” [torvalds 1999] this kernel could be combined with the fsf material and other components (in particular some of the bsd components and mit’s x-windows software) to produce a freely-modifiable and very useful operating system.
In popular usage, “linux” often refers to a group of operating system distributions built around the linux kernel in the strictest sense, though, linux refers only to the presence of the kernel itself to build out a full operating system, linux distributions often include tooling and libraries. Slackware had something of a rocky start, although one of the first systems to adopt the 'new' linux kernel at that time, slackware started life as sls, the softlanding linux system, as founded by. Linux is the first truly free unix-like operating system the underlying gnu project was launched in 1983 by richard stallman originally to develop a unix-compatible operating system called gnu , intended to be entirely free software.
The free software foundation (fsf) prefers gnu/linux as the name when referring to the operating system as a whole, because it considers linux distributions to be variants of the gnu operating system initiated in 1983 by richard stallman, president of the fsf. Linux has its roots in unix and multics, two projects that shared the goal of developing a robust multi-user operating system the beginnings of unix unix developed out of the multics project iteration at the bell laboratories’ computer sciences research center.